Heard a professional interior designer use words such as layered, herringbone or patina and wondered what on earth they were talking about? You’re not alone, the interior design world has their own terminology and concepts that aren’t widely known outside of the industry.
Whether you prefer to DIY or would rather use a professional you could benefit from knowing some of the insider design terms and principles. They can give you more of an insight on how to create a cohesive environment and how to finish up with your desired outcome.
Below we have listed some of the common terms that will help bridge the gap between you and the professional.
A space that utilises inherent, environmental conditions.
A natural view or object that draws your eye or generates interest when first entering a room or space. For example, a big window with a view, a fireplace with a mantle, a feature wall or even a piece of artwork.
Layering adds interest and depth to a space by building a room from the ground up. This is achieved by taking each of the individual elements in a room and pulling them together to create a cohesive look.
Dark layers and mixed deep textures are used.
Antique or Vintage
One in the same, right? …wrong!
Antique is anything over 100 years old, and vintage can be between 20 and 100 years old and usually reflects a particular period.
A decorative style from the 1940s characterised by clean lines. Not the same as Modern.
A colour scheme built around one single hue and it’s varying tones, tints and shades.
A design that is a thought-out and well put together collection of furnishings that can reflect a personal style or historical meaning.
Originally used to define the way metal ages, but now this term is also used to characterise the desirable weathering conditions of antiques and vintage pieces.
There are also paint effects on the market that can create this look.
A paired down minimalist style without clutter or frills.
A bolster cushion is long and cylindrical and adds contrasting shape and size when grouped with the more commonly used square cushions.
A scaled drawing showing a view from above and outlining the relationships between rooms and traffic patterns. Dimensions are usually drawn to specify room sizes, windows, doors and wall lengths.
To brush an unloaded paintbrush across a wet painted surface to create a smooth as possible finish.
A gallery wall is a cohesive grouping of artwork, photos, memento’s and/or collections. They can be formal with symmetry or informal with an eclectic blend in random order.
A plant that is used to make natural floor rugs.
A thin material such as plastic or wood that is glued to the exterior of another surface, such as a cabinet or benchtop.
A pattern made up of rows of parallel lines which in any two adjacent rows slope in opposite directions.
A general term given to small items of furniture such as end tables or side tables, that are only occasionally used.
A hue is a colour.
Ornamental strips of material (wood, metal, plaster or plastic) with various profiles that are applied to surfaces for decoration.
A design style that is elegant and simple and was widely popular during the late 1700’s through to 1800’s with features that include motifs borrowed from ancient Rome and Greece.
Something that is not transparent. A material that cannot be seen through and does not allow light to pass through.
Scale is one of the elements and principles of design and relates to size. Scale is the size of one object in relation to other surrounding objects.
A secondary colour is achieved by mixing together two primary colours. There are three of them; green (blue & yellow), purple (blue & red) and orange (red & yellow).
A distinctive style of furniture design with simple features such as tapered, straight legs and woven-strap chair seats. Originating from an American religious sect during the mid 1770’s, the Shaker style is renowned for exceptional design combined with functionality and beauty.
Tertiary colours are combinations of primary and secondary colours. There are six of them; red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-purple and red-purple.
An element or item that has been customised for an area or space.
Modern design is really not modern at all, but actually refers to the period between the 1920s and 1950s. Furniture styles with clean, streamline designs and tone-on-tone or monochrome colour palettes were popular.
A Danish word which describes comfort and cosiness with all things pre-loved and worn in.
So there you have it. And now that you have a basic understanding of some common interior design terms, you will easily be able to navigate your way around conversations with a professional to create and implement your personal ideas and designs.